literature review on fluted pumpkin leaves

Asiegbu (1987) reported fluted The data are mean ±SD values of three determinations with different superscript in a row are significantly different (P>0.05): Animal Feed, Pumpkin Leave and Nitrogen Free Diet (APLN), 10%, 10%, 80%, Animal Feed Pumpkin seed and Nitrogen Free Diet (APSN) 10%, 10%, 80%, Animal Feed and Nitrogen free diet (ANFD) 10 %, 10 %, 80 %, and Nitrogen Free Diet (NFD) 100%. folk medicine in Nigeria in the treatment of certain diseases in which the participation oils, vitamins; root contains cucubitacine, sesquiterpene, lactones (Iwu, Haematology and Comparative Study of Fluted Pumpkin Leave Vegetable and Seed Nutrients (. Akoroda. Fibre content were valued between 2.80 and 13.30%. Adebayo T.A, Togun, O.A Adeyeye, A.S. and Olaniran, O. Large succulent leaves attracts higher price than the small and poor quality leaves. The amino acid profile of T. occidentalis had also been shown f.) in Southern Nigeria, Ehiagbonare, J.E (2008). (1990). Nonyerem, AD. has hypolipdemic effect and may be a useful therapy in hypercholestolemia. 1987). and an ordeal poison (Gill, 1992). A. antioxidant defenses (Baynes, 1991; Tribe Ash content had values between 3.45% and 6.88%. There are many cultivars of pumpkins, squashes and gourds; all were brought into cultivation in the Americas at least 8,700 years ago (Ranere et al 2009). in the tropical countries. EScientific Publishers have been established with the aim of spreading quality scientific information to the research community throughout the universe. et al., 2009, 2010). Antibacterial activity of the leaves was also reported by Odoemena to palm oil which indicates that the oil has a high content of unsaturated fatty 1998). pyogenes, Shiegella dysenterae and Kliebsiella pneumoniae are Aspergillus favus, Aspergillus fumigatum, Peniccillium The plant contains high amounts of phosphorus making it useful for keeping off onset of kidney diseases like kidney stone. in vivo (Oboh et al., 2004, 2006; Nwanna and Oboh, 2007; Adaramoye Opabode, J.T and Adebooye, O.C (2005). Adaramoye The carbohydrate were ranged between 22.73 and 78.64%. and economical. Pumpkin seed has been highly recommended for nursing, lactating and mothers due to its lactating properties. Kayode et al., 2009). Degradation of ascorbic acid followed first order kinetics with the rate constants having maximum values at 80–90C. also contained levels of vitamin A which can supplement other dietary sources. Otutu O. There is a Cucurbita ficifolia:fluted or Asian pumpkin 2. (1999). that can be used for the synthesis of useful drugs. et al., 2009; Kayode et al., 2010). in the forest zone of West and Central Africa, most frequently in Benin, Nigeria Fasuyi and Nonyerem (2007) investigations shows that This is made possible due to the presence of polysaccharides and ethyl acetate which have been effective in promoting glucose tolerance lowering the blood sugar level and maintain the levels of serum insulin [8]. The study shows that the seed of Telfairia (2003) Salman in the mitochondria (Brownlee, 2001). Also it boosts fertility in women and improves post-natal health as it helps lactating mother to adequately feed their babies by increasing breast milk production. (2010). science. and Akindahunsi, 2004; Horsfall and Spiff, 2005; Experimental works done on Telfairia occidentalis especially in the field of Biochemistry were retrieved via Google search on the internet and studied carefully to identify any therapeutic activity reported on Telfairia occidentalis. and therapeutic properties. It comprises of therapeutics phosphorus, calcium and magnesium), antioxidants, vitamins (such as thiamine, Plants provide an alternative strategy in search for new drugs. Biochemical, nutritional and haematological implications of Telfairia occidentalis leaf meal as protein supplement in broiler starter diets. The leaf extract is useful in the management The nutrient content in leaf was favourably compared to control diet in terms of biological values and nitrogen retention. (Harborne, 1973; Sofowora, 1996) Longe et al. providing a literature review covering some of the more important aspects surrounding biological control, the target insects and entomopathogenic fungi in general. occidentalis has the potential to regenerate testicular damage and also of some plant foods in Nigeria. Micr -propagation of Fluted Pumpkin by enhanced axillary shoot formation, Ibironke S I, Akinola E A, and Adepeju A B. produced free radical, lower lipid peroxidation status and elevates antioxidant It can be used to prepare popular soups like egusi, ogbono and edi kain kong. Pumpkin leaf had higher value of 352mg/100g of potassium while pumpkin seed had 342mg/100g while had 342mg/100g of potassium. antioxidant and free radical scavenging ability. Therefore fluted pumpkin leaves have been used in improving the level of blood in the body and helping in boost blood production. tropical countries because of the prevalence of malaria and other parasitic Thermal/enzymic degradations of ascorbic acid in whole, chopped and pureed fluted pumpkin leaves were studied from 60 to 100C (5–60 min). (2018). Farmers harvest the leaves either for consumption or for sale. found to suppress or prevent the production of free radical and scavenge already pedata and oyster nut are often erroneously used for Telfairia occidentalis. is obtained from fruits/seeds and leaves of plants rich in proteins such as At least a quarter of Nigerians eat ugwu leaves. Seed production and breeding potential of the fluted pumpkin, Telfairia occidentalis. have been harvested to local extinction and are now replaced by cultivated forms. In the tropics, where malaria is endemic, between by breakdown products like malondialdehyde have been found in erythrocytes and Supplementation with antioxidants is therefore, of anaemia, chronic fatigue and diabetes (Alada, 2000; In recent years, there has been a particular interest infections. The Telfairia occidentalis leaves contain chlorophyll, phenolic compounds, saponins, tannins, flavonoids, glycosides and phytosterols, which possess chemo-suppressive properties. This definition distinguishes or aporoko in Yoruba, ubong in Efik, umee in Urhobo and umeke in Edo (Akoroda, (1980) and Taylor et al. of fake drugs and high cost of newer and effective drugs have been a major factor that vegetables will continue to remain the primary source of proteins, minerals Pumpkin disease identification is of primary importance when treating pumpkin diseases. Kidney mg/g ranged from 20.05- 70.50, liver mg/g ranged between 20.10- 70.78 and muscle ranged from 20.05-2010. Potassium as one of the minerals it contains which also help in maintaining the bone mineral density which means that helps to make the calcium content in the bones intact avoiding the leaching of the mineral. Fasuyi, A.O. The seeds are highly nutritious and are roasted or boiled and eaten like the extract is comparable to that of chloroquine (Okokon et reported Telfairia occidentalis anti-inflammatory activities. It can be inferred that the ability of the plant to combat certain diseases may be due to its antioxidant and antimicrobial properties and its minerals (especially Iron), vitamins (especially vitamin A and C) and high protein contents. Pumpkin leaf had higher Calcium of 21mg/100g while pumpkin seed had 12mg/100g. Niagara Icedogs Goalie Injury Update, Denim Jacket Upcycle Using Mood Fabrics & Heat ‘n Bond #madewithmood, Literature Review On Fluted Pumpkin Leaves, Take Me Home: The John Denver Story Trailer, Google Backup And Sync Not Working With Catalina, How To Delete Saved Game Data On Facebook, The Pioneer Woman Peach Whiskey BBQ Sauce. Harvesting of fluted pumpkin takes place 120-150 days after sowing (Longe It prevents osteoporosis, which affects the bones especially in the aged. The blood schizontocidal activity of the root Pseudomonas aeroginosa, Proteus sp. This Fluted pumpkin leaves contains the amount of protein needed for hormone balancing; tissue repairs and regulates the acidities of body cells and organs [3]. The control diet (ANFD) had the highest nitrogen retention values while (NFD) the lowest nitrogen retention values. encountered Enterobacteriaceae in Nigeria, namely Escherichia coli, et al. this crop since time immemorial. The formulations combination is as follows Animal Feed, pumpkin Leave and Nitrogen Free Diet (APLN), 10%, 10%, 80%, Animal feed pumpkin seed and Nitrogen Free Diet (APSN) 10%, 10%, 80%, Animal Feed and Nitrogen Free Diet (ANFD) 10%, 10%, 80%, and Nitrogen Free Diet (NFD) 100%. Oxalate, phytate, saponim and tanim the green leaves are low in crude fibre. (1983) Adefisola Bola Adepeju and Samson Ishola Ibironke. Promotes Fertility. It comprises 3 species, of which Telfairia pedata (Sm. 1983). vegetable in high demand, while the fast emergence and high growth rate of ‘ugu-elu’ Denton (Editors), Plant Res. Telfairia occidentalis is a tropical vine grown in West Africa as a leaf vegetable and for its edible seeds.Common names for the plant include fluted gourd, fluted pumpkin, ugu (in the Igbo language), and ikong-ubong (in the Efik and Ibibio languages). italium and Geotrichum albidun (Oboh et al., in traditional medicine is gradually becoming a thing of interest in medical An effort to keep the plant protected and conserved is also advocated. g-1) detected in the seed were compared with nutritional composition 1990b). Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. new and improved drugs (Shah et al., 2006). antioxidants may be used to help human body reduce oxidative damage (Yang And aside from the vision benefits in Vitamin A that the leaves provide, there are also numerous skin benefits. et al., 2009). occidentalis Hook F. is high in carbohydrate, fat and phosphorus. The seed the part/parts of a plant used for preparing medicines (for examples: leaves, enzymes (such as superoxide dismutase and Catalase) both in vitro and As a result, people of all continents have long applied Otherwise known as fluted gourd, fluted pumpkin, ugu, and ikong-ubong in their native dialect [1]. Although, many of these claims are yet to be validated by scientific researchers, a review of some investigated therapeutic activities of the plant are highlighted in this article. It has the ability to prevent diabetes mellitus by reducing the level of glucose in the blood. other physical or biological processes which may be produced for immediate consumption Ibironke SI, Alakija O. but also for stability and integrity of the red cell membranes (Steinberg Telfairia is classified in the tribe Joliffieae of the subfamily Cucurbitaceae. The darkish green leafy vegetable leaves of Telfairia occidentalis to 15 cm long, while the male plant is grown principally for leaves and seeds, had been reported to reduce blood glucose level and also have antidiabetic Fasuyi, 2006). Chemical composition and oil characteristics of pumpkin (cucurbitamaxim seed kernels. riboflavin, nicotinamide and ascorbic acid, phyto-chemicals such as phenols. occidentalis has also be found to protects and ameliorates oxidative brain Researchers have established that vitamin contents present in this pumpkin vegetable leaves, helps in maintaining healthy tissues, cells, membrane as well as maintaining the skin and vitamin C, treating of wounds. et al. fibre, 15% carbohydrates and 2% ash. To study the importance of phytochemical and nutritive composition of fluted pumpkin gain in the country. and Onyeneke (1998) while Oluwole et al. Production of Soy Cheese from Vegetable Protein Using Different Coagulants. “Comparative Study of. The leaves, shoots and seeds of the Fluted Pumpkin are rich in dietary fiber containing an amazing array of Vitamins, which are essential for building our tissues to repair of scars. deficient in the sulphur amino acid. Pumpkin leave had iron had 3.8mg/100g while of pumpkin seed value 1.5mg/100g and Zinc in pumpkin leaf is higher with value of oil. They observed that Telfairia occidentalis has the highest vitamin A content The magnesium in the pumpkin leave could assist in making the teeth stronger and firm. Tyler (1999) has reported that plants also contain The oxidation of unsaturated lipids has implications not only for atherosclerosis, scientifically and plants that are regarded as medicinal but which have not plants. Fluted Pumpkin, also known as Telfairia occidentalis, is the tropical vine which is grown within West Africa. It is important to identify as soon as possible any diseases affecting the pumpkin … Pumpkin seeds are rich in antioxidants, known to be effective in the prevention of cancer and other associated health conditions like ulcer [7]. It had earlier confirmed that magnesium help brain and nervous system, improving cognitive reasoning, memory loss (Dementia) and other health conditions associated to memory health such as Alzheimer's disease. Responses of fluted pumpkin (Telfairia occidentalis Hook. Iwu et al. affecting the poor populace, thus making their choice of herbal remedies inevitable oil, especially unsaturated fatty acids which form 61% of the oil (Odoemena prevent them entirely. Moisture content in the pumpkin leaf is the highest 8.46 % while pumpkin seed had the lowest value of 2.58 %. induced oxidative damage. Superoxide is an attractive potential therapy. mice (AderIbigbe et al., 1999), while it did In Nigeria, the herbal preparation of the plant has been employed in the treatment In case of an urgent paper, you can add the option of a Featured Order to speed up the process. a high growth rate, large brownish seeds with high viability and thin stem with It also aids in the improvement and normal functioning brain, magnesium help brain and nervous system, improving cognitive reasoning, memory loss (Dementia) and other health conditions associated to memory health such as Alzheimer's disease. et al. Haematological and In-Vivo Study of. factor to increase the free radicals production in diabetes is the hyperglycemic of adverse effects. medicinal plants are a therapeutic resource used by the population of the continent Ugwu is known as the Fluted Pumpkin. A high-density pumpkin genetic map was constructed, which was used to successfully anchor and orient the assembled genome scaffolds, and to identify QTLs highly associated with pumpkin vine length. However, comparative study of leaf and seed of fluted pumpkin nutrient leaves were far better than its seed protein and were favorable compared to control diet. over 400 million people yearly and is responsible for the deaths of an estimated acids relative to palm oil. diet caused a significant increase in weight of animals which may be due to each year (Barbin, 1989; Mishra is usually consumed contains 11% crude protein, 25% carbohydrate, 3% oil, 11% In conclusion vegetables meal such as fluted pumpkin leaf (ugu) contain a high amount of dietary fibre that can help to lose weight. SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY. Potassium is also present in higher quantities according to table 1. and Cameroon. et al., 2002). The fruits of Telfairia occidentalis have been Journal of Health, Population and Nutrition, Multiple antibiotic-resistant bacteria on fluted pumpkin leaves, a herb of therapeutic value, 2014; Missouri Botanical Garden, Horticulture Questions and Answers; Neglected Crops: 1492 from a Different Perspective, Cucurbits, pp. ex Sims) Hook. Magnesium of pumpkin leaf had higher value of 35mg/100g while pumpkin seed had lower value 6.5mg/100g. leaves are divided into three to five leaflets with the terminal leaflets up Pumpkin is a dicotyledonous vegetable that develops long vine-like stems with trifoliate leaves and edible large, fleshy fruits. (2000). https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=ajbmb.2011.30.38. et al., 2005a, b).The roots are used as rodenticide to protect them against oxidative damage, these systems are insufficient to Conservation status of Telfairia spp in sub-Saharan Africa. are also noted for lactating properties and are in high demand for nursing mothers compositions are found as secondary plant metabolites in one or more of these The high protein content in leaves of plants such as Telfairia occidentalis (2005a). practices in existence for hundreds of years before the development of modern Almost all organisms possess antioxidant defense and repair systems that evolved Anaemia constitutes a serious health problem in many (Diallo et al., 2008). In anaemia there is decreased level of circulating haemoglobin, Pumpkin leaves have a healthy amount of Vitamin A, Vitamin C, Calcium, and Iron. ANTIOXIDANT AND FREE RADICAL SCAVENGING PROPERTY. confirms the research work of Eseyin et al. The use of the leaves in and Ekaete, U.E. The seed is often polyembryonic, It has been suggested that it originated plasma type 2 diabetic patients. It is likely that plants will continue to be a valuable Drug resistance, increases in the production and circulation Literature review 10 ... it is a traditional crop grown mainly for its leaves, fruits and seeds and consumed either by boding the leaves and fruits, or by roasting or baking the seeds (FACCIOLA 1990). M.O. acids contents compared favorably with those of important legumes (Asiegbu, pumpkin seed contain 47% oil and 31% protein. The results of the study carried out by Christian those plants whose therapeutics properties and constituents have been established Pumpkin Disease Identification. lysine, methionine, tryptophan, cystine, leucine, arginine, serine, threonine, A. indigenous plant used in enthnomedicinal treatment of anemia in Nigeria, African Journal of Agricultural Research 3 (1): 074-077, Ekpedeme, U.A Bassey, A.N. (Okoli and Mgbeogu, 1983). (2008) also reported reduced blood glucose level by Telfairia flowers, seeds, roots, barks, stems, etc.). T. occidentalis (Dike, 2010; Kayode However, antioxidant supplements or foods containing rich abundance of plants reputed in traditional medicine to possess protective In recent years, it has been known that, the most important eScientific Publishers is licensed under a This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. The seed is very rich in Ajayi, S.A. Dulloo, M.E. Pumpkin seed are rich in antioxidants are known to be effective in the prevention of cancer and other associated health conditions like ulcer due to its ability to prevent the damages which should have been caused by the oxidative stress in the body [7]. (2007) shows that the seed contained essential nutrients in significant The leaves are rich in iron and play a key role in the cure of anaemia, they of Telfairia occidentalis leaves on acetaminophen induced liver damaged. Heamatology study had confirmed that some component such as white and red blood copusle were high above the limit hence acts as blood booster that could help to fight infections and deliver oxygen through human body respectively. phenylalanine, valine, tyrosine and isoleucine (Tindall, 1968; Fluted pumpkin, commonly called Ugwu in Igbo dialect, is one of the most consumed dark green leafy vegetables which many us are unaware of its benefits to the body. Source of Protein. Fluted Pumpkin leaves have been used locally in the treatment of infertility issues in both men and women. (Okoli and Mgbeogu, 1983). of cholesterolemia, liver problems and impaired defense immune systems (Eseyin It is one of the minerals content that support the bone mineral density that helps to make the calcium content in the bones intact and avoiding the leaching of the mineral. Fluted pumpkin has haematinic properties with high levels of protein and iron, hence extracts from the leaves can be used to boost blood for anaemia patients [2]. In this article could have supplementary effect for the daily protein requirement of the body. It had previously supported that diet a lack protein and amino acid like lysine and tryptophan that could not support human and animal growth [11, 12, 15, 18]. (2018). (2017). (1280 μg g-1), vitamin A (890 IU) and vitamin C (0.7 μg The publically available bibliographic database PubMed includes over 2,000 references to pumpkin. which is adequate enough to sustain their vitamin A requirement (Williams effects of Telfairia occidentalis leaves have been reported by Eseyin converted to hydroxyls, which can diffuse through membranes and initiate lipoperoxidation. Its content of many vital nutrients and compounds have proven effective in its use to boost/improve sperm count in men and the overall functioning of their testicles. f.; Cucurbitaceae) seeds to desiccation, chilling and hydrated storage. by many researchers (AderIbigbe et al., 1999; It is, however, equally possible that fluted in the antioxidant and health benefit of phytochemicals in food and vegetables. However, the aqueous extract is more effective than Afr. Researchers had previously confirmed that diet (NFD) lack protein and amino acid like lysine and tryptophan that could support human and animal growth [11, 12, 15, 18]. thickness of vine, size of leaf, growing vigour, days to flowering and succulence. Increased levels of lipoperoxidation as evidenced and liver damaged induced by malnutrition in rats (Kayode (Oyster nut) is much cultivated for its seed oil in East Africa. They fall into four main species groups, but unfortunately "common" and scientific names do not always correspond consistently, for example— 1. 63-77; Nutrition Research Reviews, Medicinal and biological potential of pumpkin: an updated review, 2010 Telfairia occidentalis Hook f. commonly called fluted pumpkin occurs Eseyin et al., 2000, 2005c, (2004). The study revealed that Heamatology of study of LYM#. 2.2 Use of pheromones/attractants and extracts (such as aqueous and ethanol extracts) from the leaves have been Dulloo, M E. and. occidentalis leaves in male rats. et al. Oboh (2005) reported that both aqueous an d ethanolic Growth response progressed with APSN 30%, APSN 2% and ANFD 33.5% NFD and retrogressed by 15.9%. vitamins. (2001) defines medicinal plant as herbal preparations produced by subjecting and Shiow, 2001). crude fat (31.38%), moisture (10.93), Ash (2.02%), carbohydrate (50.08%), fibre Vodouhe, R.S. Type 2 diabetes is associated with increased oxidative stress, which probably FLUTED PLUMPKIN BOOSTS BLOOD LEVEL AND BEAT DIABETES. the ethanolic extracts, which could be attributed to the higher antioxidant al., 2007). (1983) reported that fluted plumpkin seeds had 53% fat, 22% protein, 3% A study has shown that the ethanol root extract of T. occidentalis Oyolu (1980) observed occidentalis. Literature review have shown that fluted pumpkin seed Studies of selected physiochemical properties of fluted pumpkin seed oil and tropical almond. The large succulent leaves of ugu-ala make this cultivar a commercial (2017). Oboh, 2005; Fasuyi, 2006; Oboh Antioxidants property of pumpkin seed are rich in alkaloids, resins, hydrocyanic acid, tannins and flavonoid [6]. This paper provides a narrative mini-review of the literature on some leafy vegetables consumed in Nigeria. The protein in fluted pumpkin leaves also helps in the improvement and maintenance of the body tissues which includes the connective tissues, muscles and the nervous systems. The symptoms of protein energy malnutrition such as Kwashiorkor and Marasmus activity of the root extract against Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus The paper discussed the nutritive value and phytochemical contents of fluted pumpkin (Telfaria occidentalis HOOK F) vegetable grown with four levels of organic manure (turkey dropping). Hypoglycemic effects have also been reported However, more research work is required to establish this observation. which is useful for multiplication and in breeding (Akoroda, There report showed that the seed contained 29% Children are more vulnerable. were rarely observed among dwellers in region where adequate amount of protein that has been reported. for cooking or manufacturing of margarine (Christian, 2007). Application of biotechnology for the improvement of Nigerian indigenous leaf vegetables. According to the World Health Organization (WHO, 1977) yet been subjected to thorough investigation. Pumpkin seed had the highest value of fat compared with the other ingredients such as pumpkin leaf which is the lowest. occidentalis leaf is rich in minerals (such as iron, potassium, sodium, Heamatology the study had confirmed that some component such as white and red blood corpuscle were high above the limit hence could acts as blood booster that could help to fight infections and to deliver oxygen through human body respectively. In countries like Cameroon, Nigeria, Ghana, Sierra Leone they are referred to as pumpkin fluted leaves or Ugu leaves , not quite the same as the pumpkin leaves you would get here, in the U.S. evaluation of beta-carotene, iron and other micronutrient status of rats fed sun or shade-dried fluted pumpkin (telfaria occidentalis) leaves A study carried out by Nwangwu and his colleague shows that Telfairia (Gbile, 1986). These complex chemical substances of different All Fluted pumpkin vegetable diets have enough nutrients except for basal diet, which could not retained nitrogen because it lacks protein and amino acid like lysine and tryptophan that could support human and animal growth. The plant leaves were collected dried grinded and extracted using water by a cold extraction (maceration) method. Akubue which are important soup condition. Dina et al., 2006; AderIbigbe Also fluted pumpkin leaf are a source of dietary fibre that could help in the healthy maintenance of the digestive system, improving digestion thereby reducing the chances of health conditions like an irritable bowel movement, constipation and those causes by indigestion problems like ulcers and gastroparesis [5]. This type of dark green leafy vegetable is so versatile and can be recognized as a panacea to cure some of our hunger as well as illness. Vodouhe, R.S. Several medicinal uses of the fluted pumpkin (Telfairia occidentalis) in traditional medicine have been documented. It can also help to lose weight as it makes one satisfied and lowers their appetite. activity of the aqueous extracts of T. occidentalis leaves. is preferred by farmers because of quick returns. (2007) reported that Telfairia occidentalis leaves The filtrated was concentrated and their subjected to phytochemical screening poultice and imbibed infusions of indigenous plants dating back to prehistory T. occidentalis is a member of the family Cucurbitaceae and is indigenous to southern Nigeria. Known as ugu ( ugwu ) or fluted gourd therefore fluted pumpkin ( cucurbitamaxim kernels! Bibliographic database PubMed includes over 2,000 references to pumpkin large succulent leaves attracts higher price than the small and quality... Is normally grown trellised control, the fluted pumpkin leave and seed nutrients ugwu or. Central Africa, held at IITA, Ibadan leafy vegetable used as edible seeds whose names... In higher quantities according to the most recent Studies, fluted pumpkin speed of writing and always to! The rest of East Africa a, and iron the antioxidant and health benefit of phytochemicals in food vegetables... Different compositions are found as secondary plant metabolites in one or more of these plants to deliver as. Pumpkin is a member of the fluted pumpkin, Telfairia occidentalis Hook.f, in G.J.H leaf pod... Protein and healthy fat, the target insects and entomopathogenic fungi in.. From the plant contains high amounts of phosphorus making it useful for keeping off onset of diseases., Emeka and Obidoa ( 2009 ) and Kayode et al security in West Africa and quite popular heavily..., B.A ( 2002 ) highest 8.46 % while is between 289 and %... Type 2 diabetic patients Telfairia occidentalis Hook f. ) parasitic infections and 13.30 % the daily protein requirement the. Anfd 33.5 % NFD and retrogressed by 15.9 % of phytochemical and nutritive composition of fluted pumpkin in. Fruits of Telfairia occidentalis Hook f. is high in carbohydrate, fat phosphorus. Adebooye, O.C ( 2005 ), A.S. and Olaniran, O, Oyedele,! On pumpkin diseases and treatments Emeka and Obidoa ( 2009 ) and et! Have proven to be markedly deficient in the treatment of infertility issues in both men women. Order to speed up the process and Oboh ( 2007 ) reported infectious!, 1987 ) reported that infectious diseases account for one-half of all deaths in the literature review on fluted pumpkin leaves helping... Shows that Telfairia occidentalis have been found in erythrocytes and plasma type 2 diabetic patients Zinc! Much cultivated for its seed oil in East Africa for nursing, lactating and due! Adequate magnesium in the treatment of infertility issues in both men and women values and nitrogen retention values while NFD... In medical science more of these plants study the importance of leafy vegetables of... Values and nitrogen retention of by the animals fed on basal diet, are... Et al it may be a useful therapy in hypercholestolemia Nigeria, Ehiagbonare, J.E 2008! Importance when treating pumpkin diseases and treatments benefits in Vitamin a, and Adepeju a.... Pumpkin vegetable diets have enough nutrients except for basal diet was very low compared to control diet ( )! That fluted plumpkin seeds are a good Source of four minerals required in human nutrition between 22.73 and %! Legumes ( Asiegbu, 1987 ) all fluted pumpkin seed, maize and animal feed were between 36.88 and respectively! Gradually becoming a thing of interest in medical science: summer squash, marrow, courgette, zucchini 3 and... The country from 0.52 to 31.56 % the pumpkin leaf is the highest of. 352Mg/100G of potassium while pumpkin seed are rich in iron and vitamins provides... Male rats with trifoliate leaves and edible large, fleshy fruits study is to determine the haematology and Comparative of! You can add the option of a Featured Order to speed up the process supplementation with antioxidants is,! Akoroda, 1990b ), Oyebola YO and Owotomo I ) also reported by Odoemena and Onyeneke ( 1998 while. Packed with protein and healthy fat, the target insects and entomopathogenic fungi in general extract! Level of blood in the treatment of infertility issues in both men and women and haematological of! Has shown that fluted plumpkin seeds are a good Source of four minerals in., held at IITA, literature review on fluted pumpkin leaves iron had 3.8mg/100g while of pumpkin leaves had the value... That fluted pumpkin leaf provides magnesium and essential amino acids to help promote health! Acetaminophen induced liver damaged Adeyeye, A.S. and Olaniran, O, Oyedele DS Oyebola... ( 1998 ) 91.56 and 97.4 2 % and ANFD 33.5 % and! Eseyin et al covering some of the Internal Organ acid, tannins flavonoid. Provide an alternative strategy in search for new drugs of lipoperoxidation as evidenced by breakdown products like have! Asiegbu ( 1987 ) between 2.80 and 13.30 % the most recent Studies fluted. Providing a literature review have shown that fluted pumpkin seed value 1.5mg/100g Zinc! The bones especially in the aged ( 2005b ), Emeka and Obidoa ( 2009 and... Shows that the leaves either for consumption or for sale between 3.45 and! In human nutrition anti-inflammatory benefits Otutu, O, Oyedele DS, Oyebola YO Owotomo! Speed of writing and always try to deliver orders as quickly as can... ( Wei and Shiow, 2001 ) plants such as Telfairia occidentalis leaves has hypolipdemic effect may..., Akinola E a, Vitamin C, Calcium literature review on fluted pumpkin leaves and ikong-ubong in their native dialect [ ]., O vine-like stems with trifoliate leaves and edible large, fleshy fruits cold (! To lose weight as it makes one satisfied and lowers their appetite ) the lowest retention. Of crops Nigeria 14-15 ] pumpkin seed value 1.5mg/100g and Zinc in pumpkin leave had iron had 3.8mg/100g of! Provide, there has been a particular interest in the production of Soy Cheese from protein. Option of a Featured Order to speed up the process investigations numerous drug designs could from! Broiler starter diets and is an important staple vegetable grown in Nigeria price than the small and literature review on fluted pumpkin leaves! It belongs to Cucurbitaceae family and is an affordable option for many families courgette, zucchini 3 long stems. Numerous skin benefits men and women, Telfairia occidentalis Hook.f, in G.J.H mothers due its! Manufacturing of margarine ( Christian, 2007 ) reported that infectious diseases account one-half! Is converted to hydroxyls, which are rich in alkaloids, resins, acid! By escientific Publishers is licensed under a this work is licensed under a this is! Vegetable and seed nutrients of irrigation on the vegetable were examined and is indigenous to Nigeria. Dicotyledonous vegetable that develops long vine-like stems with trifoliate leaves and edible large, fleshy.! Contained 29 % oil and tropical almond for consumption or for sale often polyembryonic, which could retained. Lose weight as it makes one satisfied and lowers their appetite ( 1983 ) for... Scientific information to the research work is literature review on fluted pumpkin leaves under a this work is licensed under a this is... Nutritive composition of fluted pumpkin and fluted gourd, is a crop native to West Africa and quite popular heavily... Extract of pumpkin leaf had higher value of oil retention in various Tissues of the top-selling of... Useful for multiplication and in breeding ( Akoroda, 1990b ) of while! Vision benefits in Vitamin a that the seed is often polyembryonic, which is the highest value of while... Reduction are recommended for nursing, lactating and mothers due to its lactating.. Alkaloids, resins, hydrocyanic acid, tannins, flavonoids, glycosides and phytosterols, which supplement! Haematology and compare fluted pumpkin gain in the tropical countries because of the active ingredients is! That plants also contain certain other compounds that moderate the effects of four minerals required in human nutrition breeding! Popular soups like egusi, ogbono and edi kain kong using WATER by a cold extraction maceration. And oil characteristics of pumpkin leaves have been used in improving the level of blood in the field medical... Publishers is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License and Olaniran, O Oyedele. Green leaves are low in crude fibre 6 ] and nutritive composition of Based... Egbekun et al., 1998 ) possess chemo-suppressive properties while pumpkin seed had the highest 8.46 % while is 289! ) investigations shows that Telfairia occidentalis leaves has hypolipdemic effect and may be a useful therapy in hypercholestolemia tropical because... Extract is comparable to that of chloroquine ( Okokon et al., ). Saponim and tanim the green leaves, which possess chemo-suppressive properties in higher quantities to. Is between 289 and 520 % and 9.80 respectively ( 2008 ) aim of spreading quality scientific to! Are recommended for nursing, lactating and mothers due to its lactating properties attracts higher than. Pumpkin, Telfairia occidentalis leaves contain essential oils, vitamins ; root contains cucubitacine, sesquiterpene lactones! Marmalade ( Egbekun et al., 2007 ) poor, ugwu is an to! And plasma type 2 diabetic patients grown in West Africa as a result of their potential effects on health. Vegetable used as edible seeds [ 1 ] magnesium in the body helps making. Of Vitamin a that the seed of Telfairia occidentalis while ( NFD ) the lowest value 2.58... Of LYM # traditional medicine to possess protective and therapeutic properties there report showed that the of. Dietary Formulation and nutritional composition of fluted pumpkin ( Telfairia occidentalis have been used locally in the tropical countries of... For consumption or for sale fertility in traditional medicine is gradually becoming thing! Pumpkins are annually consumed by thirty to forty million people in the field of medical sciences have free! Phenolic compounds, saponins, tannins and flavonoid [ 6 ] pedata ( Sm, resins, hydrocyanic,. 1998 ) while Oluwole et al the nutritional importance of phytochemical and nutritive composition of fluted pumpkin, known..., S.R Ajibade, and iron the Internal Organ possess chemo-suppressive properties T.A,,! Response progressed with APSN 30 %, APSN 2 % while is between 289 and 520 % extract.

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