Moderator: tom1cat. The "run up" earned a significant number of points so speed became very important. Bedouin so admired the physical attributes and speed of the Saluki that it was the only dog permitted to share their tents and ride atop their camels. Also in 1876, greyhound racing began at the Welsh Harp, Hendon, England, when six dogs raced down a straight track after a mechanical lure. Share with: Link: Copy link. Around 325 BC, a hound named Peritas reportedly accompanied the Macedonian monarch Alexander the Great on his military campaigns. The constant exercise and hard climate built a level of endurance into the dogs that some think has been lost with modern rearing methods. You will want to ensure your Greyhound has good off-leash recall and obedience commands established before teaching him to hunt rabbits. Â A sighthound will run after a rabbit with little regard to his own safety or strain! The only breed of dog mentioned by name in the Bible is the greyhound (Proverbs 30:29-31, King James Version): "There be three things which do well, yea, Which are comely in going; A lion, which is strongest among beasts and Turneth not away from any; A greyhound; A he-goat also.". The Romans obtained their greyhounds from either the Greeks or the Celts. He would win it again in 1890, 1891, and unbelievably, for a fourth time in 1892. One myth tells of how a human named Actaeon came upon the goddess Artemis taking a bath in a river. John Hardzog uses trained greyhounds to hunt coyotes, a common pest for farmers. A Greyhound is a special breed of dog with an aerodynamically shaped body that enables them to slice through the air and reach high speeds quickly. The Bedouin use Salukis to hunt gazelle, hare, bustard (a type of bird), jackal, fox, and wild ass. The Greyhound’s ears are small and folded back; the eyes have a dark color and the neck is long and quite graceful. Since ancient artists tended to depict only images of religious or social significance to their societies, these dogs must have been fairly important to the peoples of those days. Old paintings and tapestries of hunting feasts often include greyhounds. Yellowstone seeks comments on … The presence of these dogs was tolerated because of the guard service they provided. At race time the greyhounds are put in the starting box, the artificial lure comes around the track, and the box opens. Feudalism had ended allowing commoners freedom of movement unknown for a thousand years. The real fun hunting here is after Jackrabbits. They were originally bred to hunt fast prey, like rabbits and hares, as well as foxes. It probably dates to the late middle ages. A 4,000 BC funerary vase found in the area of modern Iran was decorated with images of dogs looking much like greyhounds. Greyhounds are sight hounds and a dog that has already been introduced to a tame rabbit will be excited about chasing a wild rabbit. Once your Greyhound has had some experience working with another dog, and some solo experience to build confidence and experience, he is ready to start hunting rabbits alone or with a partner. In live-hare coursing, two greyhounds are slipped (released) together. The Greyhound is a sleek, athletic dog. They are next blanketed and muzzled, and taken onto the track for the pre-race parade. American Coursing Competitive coursing is an amateur sport in the United States today. Cruel hunters discard the working dogs – … City dwellers increased in number. The first Waterloo Cup was held in 1837 on the Altcar estate of Earl Sefton and was won by Mr. Stanton's dog, Fly. Check out the video here below. Hunting with greyhounds also takes place in Portugal, Northern Ireland and in the United Kingdom, but the cruelest abuses are in Spain. Attendance at tracks was nearly 3.5 million in 1992. Before long it spread to Ireland and Australia as well. From these coursing meets track racing would eventually develop. Many Egyptians considered the birth of a such a hound second in importance only to the birth of a son. To win it more than once was nearly unheard of. Ovid describes coursing in the early first century AD: the impatient greyhound is held back to give the hare a fair start (read an excerpt). The Roman Flavius Arrianus (Arrian) wrote "On Hunting Hares" in 124 AD. Exercise frequently so he does not strain himself when chasing a rabbit. Instead, greyhounds are part of a category of dogs called sighthounds.. As the name implies, sighthounds hunt … In fact, simply to be nominated for entry was a matter of prestige, and early advertisements for stud service or puppies would have a line reading "Waterloo Cup nominator" referring to the sire/stud. Unlike Elizabeth, King James I (1566-1625) preferred hunting to hard work. You may be able to find other handlers and dogs through local hunting clubs. Some of their deities were accompanied by hounds. Americans soon discovered that greyhounds could be a source of sport. Greyhounds have incredibly quick reaction times and tend to startle easily. Once your Greyhound listens to you wellÂ and is experienced with the outdoors, you can take him out in forested or brushy areas to explore, sight a rabbit and chase the rabbit until he catches it or brings it back to handlers to be harvested. King Cob was the first successful public stud dog. As the image to the left indicates, the greyhound's front legs are usually wrapped to prevent cuts from the line. Play tug or war and fetch with the rabbit skin to generate interest. A pack of dogs might threaten one's safety: "Yea, dogs are round about me; a company of evildoers encircle me. In an effort to keep them from trampling land, dogs, and other people, enclosed coursing parks were developed. Jesus refers to their role as scavengers when he says, "It is not fair to take the children's bread and throw it to the dogs" (Matthew 15:26). The testimony of the ancients is confused on this point. Introduce your Greyhound to rabbits by giving him a rabbit skin to play with, to get him used to the scent and to use as a toy. (Psalm 22:16). Kansas Coyote Hunters Using Greyhounds By rowdyrob . Greyhounds are fast and agile for a reason. A minority view is that the original greyhound stock was mostly grey in color, so that the name simply refers to the color of the hound. Arribas’s passion for documenting the Spanish greyhounds of the wild hare dog hunting tradition in Spain began when he saw a greyhound almost get hit by a … No gambling takes place. These dogs had to be kept separate from the dogs on the camp's perimeter, so that interbreeding wouldn't ruin the special abilities of these proto-greyhounds. You will want to have good control over your Greyhound when you are hunting and have him used to exploring brush and forested areas. Read the Renaissance rules of coursing , taken from a sixteenth century book by Gervase Markham, with my interpretations of their meanings. Greyhounds nearly became extinct during times of famine in the Middle Ages. He was an avid fan of greyhound coursing. Eos appears in many court portraits. Arrian also describes coursing among the Celts of Gaul (France): The more opulent Celts, who live in luxury, course in the following manner. For a thousand cruelties, it seems there are … A number of smaller tracks have closed their doors in the 90s. In their second spring, the puppies were either sold or began their training for coursing competition. This was a dramatic change from the past, when breeders would never allow one of their champions to sire a dog that might compete against them one day. 06/29/2010 05:12 am ET Updated May 25, 2011 One of the greatest challenges we confront at The HSUS is that there are so many forms of animal abuse. Another explanation is that it is derived from "gre" or "gradus," meaning "first rank," so that greyhound would mean "first rank among dogs." President Theodore Roosevelt did so on this land, about 70 miles southwest of Oklahoma City, in the early 1900s. Each track has a list of 16-20 kennels which may operate there. A mechanical device drags an artificial lure along the ground so the puppy can see it and pursue it. Dr. Caius' notes to the Swiss naturalist Conrad Gesner, written in 1570, describe the appearance and abilities of the English greyhound (read an excerpt.) A page for the fast hounds!! The competition was held during the week of the Grand National horse racing meet and soon attracted sporting men in considerable numbers. by vargy49 » Feb 03, 2009. In his work, Metamorphosis, the Roman writer Ovid in the late first century BC retold this story (read an excerpt). Nowadays, all that has been bread out of the lines. One of the first national coursing meets was held in Kansas in 1886. Crossbreeding of the Galgo with Greyhounds for a faster racing type has stopped and has now been eradicated for several reasons: On the one hand, this hunting activity, coursing, is evolving by leaps and bounds and becoming a true sport where the killing of the hare is secondary to the beauty of the course. Ride along as we start out by using our 4x4 hunting rigs to scare coyotes out of the cover. When the pet hound died, the entire family would go into mourning. This scene is a common one in Roman art. Once the coyotes are spotted we chase down the coyotes to within a reasonable distance with the hunting rig, then release the hounds and watch the race! Keep that in mind. (1 Samuel 17:43). They are given six chances to finish in the top four in their maiden race. Rabbits tend to loop around in a circle when being chased; if the dog can't catch the rabbit, the hunter can then shoot the rabbit, which makes the rabbit a lot more usable for human consumption. "Anubis," "Actaeon," and "Artemis":From Dan Schmidt's Adopt A Greyhound web site's Gallery of greyhound art pages. Motivating a Greyhound to hunt a rabbit is usually not that difficult, they do it instinctively, however directing your Greyhound can be more of a challenge. The Racing Secretary may reclassify a greyhound at any time, but not more than one grade higher or lower. The slender, long-legged sighthound hunts by spotting the movement of a prey animal across a vast distance, then running the animal down with lightning speed. The husband of Queen Victoria had a pet black and white greyhound, Eos. Whether or not you've seen one in the flesh, you know what a Greyhound looks like. One of the most famous greyhounds of this century is Snowball, who won four cups and over thirty matches in his coursing career. Only such persons could own greyhounds; any "m… Posted: December 29, 2016. The following sections give an idea of the relationship between human and greyhound over the millenia, with an emphasis on more recent times. Greyhound racing has hit hard times in the late twentieth century. We do not know for certain that these dogs are forerunners of the modern greyhound. The evolution from coursing to track racing began in 1876, when the first enclosed or "park" course meet was held. Winning was not neccesarily dependent on catching the hare (although this did earn a high score). King Canute of England established the Forest Laws in 1014, reserving large areas of the country for hunting by the nobility. They are lightning fast and unbelievably agile. In some countries, it is a legal, competitive activity in which dogs are tested on their ability to run, overtake and turn a hare, rather than a form of hunting aiming at the capture of game.It has a number of variations in its rules around the world. The monk in Geoffrey Chaucer's 14th century The Canterbury Tales reportedly spent great sums on his greyhounds: "Greyhounds he hadde as swifte as fowel in flight; Of prikyng and of huntyng for the hare Was al his lust, for no cost wolde he spare.". Often the hare escaped. If you are using a Greyhound to hunt rabbit then the rabbit may be more likely to be dog food than people food! They’re similar in appearance to greyhounds, with a smaller, lighter build, and have either smooth or shaggy coats. The greyhound is the first breed of dog mentioned in English literature. Dogs in general were at times looked down upon in the Middle Ages, while greyhounds were highly valued. In the tenth century, King Howel of Wales made killing a greyhound punishable by death. They became familiar sights on farms and ranches in Kansas, Missouri, Oklahoma, and Texas. Track Racing Around 1912, Owen Patrick Smith invented the mechanical lure. One greyhound accompanied the conquistador Coronado all the way to present-day New Mexico. Sources: Julia Barnes, ed., The Complete Book of Greyhounds, New York: Howell Book House, 1994. In a popular Roman story, Diana gives a greyhound named Lelaps to her good friend Procris. King Canute of England established the Forest Laws in 1014, reserving large areas of the country for hunting by the nobility. Use a tracking collar in case your dog becomes separated from you. Let your Greyhound off leash and allow him to flush and chase the rabbit. Staghounds are the extreme athlete of the hound world. Arabian Bedouin for centuries have been devout Muslims, and so follow ritual restrictions against contact with dogs. The most important race in the US is the Greyhound Race of Champions, sponsored by the American Greyhound Track Operators Association. Commoners who hunted with greyhounds in defiance of these laws favored dogs whose coloring made them harder to spot: black, red, fawn, and brindle. The great Greyhound, Master M'Grath won in 1868, 1869, and 1871! Their popularity in England was short-lived, but they helped convince open coursing leaders to shrink the size of their courses. Earth Call holds the world record for the 5/16ths-mile course with a time of 29.59 seconds, while P's Rambling has the 3/8ths-mile record at 36.43 seconds. Before taking your Greyhound out with other experienced hunting dogs, make sure you establish off-leash recall and obedience commands, and ensure your Greyhound is well socialized. This attempt to provide a humane alternative to coursing failed, however, and the experiment would not be tried again until 1921. Nearly all US racetracks are quarter-mile ovals. The Romans used hounds for coursing. The English Earl of Orford created the first coursing club open to the public in 1776 at Swaffham in Norfolk. Once your dog has some experience rabbit hunting with another dog, take your Greyhound out solo to give him individual experience, and work on directions and recall. In the tenth century, King Howel of Wales made killing a greyhound punishable by death. The Arab peoples have kept greyhound-type dogs for several thousand years. Dense forests and swamps were giving way to planting land, pastures, and towns. This probably was considered by translators the most appropriate English term to describe the ancestor of the greyhound. In the late sixteenth century, Gervase Markham wrote that greyhounds "...are of all dogs whatsoever the most noble and princely, strong, nimble, swift and valiant; and though of slender and very fine proportions, yet so well knit and coupled together, and so seconded with spirit and mettle, that they are master of all other dogs whatsoever.". Eight to twelve dogs compete per heat, with 13 heats a day the norm. Generally if a greyhound fails to finish first, second or third, in three consecutive starts (except in Grade E or M), or fails to earn more than one third in four consecutive starts in the same grade, that greyhound will be lowered one grade. When they’re in that flight mode, they can be in the next county before they stop running. Hare coursing is the pursuit of hares with greyhounds and other sighthounds, which chase the hare by sight, not by scent.. In the Jewish and Christian scriptures, dogs are generally considered ill- tempered scavengers which are tolerated but not trusted; certainly not admired and loved. Agua Caliente also races grades D and E. The Racing Secretary is responsible for the proper grading of the greyhounds under the provisions outlined by the state. The best runners go to the most competitive tracks. D. Caroline Coile, Greyhounds: A Complete Pet Owner's Manual, New York: Barron's, 1996. In Henry V Henry's speech to his troops just before the Battle of Harfleur compares people to coursing greyhounds: "I see you stand like greyhounds in the slips, Straining upon the start. The rules of coursing have not changed a great deal since this time. Spaniards brought greyhounds with them to the new world. Where did the greyhound-type dog originate? The greyhound Hall of Fame in Abilene, Kansas, sponsored by the US racing industry's National Greyhound Association, features famous American racing Greyhounds. One might well have to beat them off for protection: "And the Philistine said to David, 'Am I a dog, that you come to me with sticks?'" There's little evidence that the common man in the Middle Ages used dogs to hunt. After an artificial lure was developed which could be run by a motor, it was an obvious step to turn to racing rather than coursing the hounds. Nobles by contrast favored white and spotted dogs who could be spotted and recovered more easily if lost in the forest. Then, during a coursing meet, dogs would be slipped in pairs to pursue the hare. Held since 1982, it attracts the top greyhounds in the nation. Renaissance artists considered the greyhound a worthy subject. Later attempts to cross greyhounds with Afghans also proved ineffective. Hunting coyotes with greyhounds goes back generations. The Waterloo Cup was considered for over a century to be the ultimate test of the coursing Greyhound. With the formation of the National Coursing Club of England in 1858, coursing was turned into more of a business. As a greyhound wins a race it advances one grade until reaching A. Taking your dog out and getting him used to running and exploring various terrain will also be important, especially for an ex-track dog that may not have been exposed to running on rough terrain or exploring brush. The protector of the hunt, the god Pollux, also is depicted with hounds. Some handlers like to use slower dogs when chasing rabbits so that the dog brings the rabbit back to them. But for hunters, dogs are often just another tool for the hunt," said a spokesman for the Civil Guard's nature protection service Seprona. Motivating a Greyhound to hunt a rabbit is usually not that difficult, they do it instinctively, however directing your Greyhound can be more of a challenge. It was not until the early 1900s, when an American, Owen Patrick Smith, developed a lure that could be run in a circle on a track such as horses used that racing began to be considered as a sport. The greyhounds compete for honors, not money. Because of this, enclosed courses put a premium on speed. ." These rules were still in effect when the first official coursing club was founded in 1776 at Swaffham, Norfolk, England. Topics. William Shakespeare (1564-1616) mentioned greyhounds in a number of his plays. They consider Salukis the Gift of Allah to his children. When they conquered Britain, the Romans brought with them European hares--more suitable for coursing than the local wild hares. He is then hunted down by his own hounds (depicted on a vase, right). `. In Spain there is a widespread hunting tradition that involves torturing and killing approximately 60,000 Greyhounds (Galgos) a year.. Greyhounds are repeatedly abused and starved by hunters during the hunting season and then left to die a slow gruesome death when they are deemed no longer useful. The popularity of greyhound coursing in Britian increased greatly in the nineteenth century, as the Industrial Revolution gave the manufacturing classes the wealth and time to enjoy such activities, and the expansion of rail made it easier to get to coursing events. This century saw the beginning of the advertising of dogs available to stud for a fee.