This information has been reviewed by Luis Suarez, Head, Species Programme, WWF-Spain. Lynxes puff when irritated or frightened. Iberian Lynx on The IUCN Red List site -, destruction (wild cats), clowder, clutter, pounce, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iberian_lynx, http://www.iucnredlist.org/details/12520/0. Iberian lynxes will bury uneaten prey to return later to finish eating it. Iberian lynx are polygynous, with one male mating with multiple females, but in northern Donana National Park, where the amount of suitable territories is small and intersexual competition is increasing, males must have smaller territories, which are more easy to defend against rival males, and so they focus on defending their exclusive access to one particular female, which results in monogamy. Housing developments and expansion of urban areas pose a huge threat to the lynx’s habitat, along with wood plantation and crops. They include rodents, reptiles, and amphibians. The Iberian lynx preys foremost on the European rabbit (Oryctolagus cuniculus) for the bulk of its diet, supplemented by red-legged partridge (Alectoris rufa), rodents and to a smaller degree also on wild ungulates. In the wild, their preferred diet is deer and other hoofed animals. The animal is a rabbit specialist, with the small furry animal making up nearly 80% of the lynx’s diet. This lynx was once numerous throughout the Iberian Peninsula (Spain and Portugal). DOI: 10.1016/j.quascirev.2015.07.001 … Please note: This page has been archived and its content may no longer be up-to-date. The first lynx to be born in captivity was Saliega, a female born in southern Spain in Sierra Morena on March 29, 2005. When food sources are low though they will venture long distances. Deer and mouflon are prey when rabbits are scarce. Carnivore Feline of the Iberian peninsula, the Lynx pardinus also called Iberian Lynx, or Spanish Lynx, is a strict feeding specialist, the European rabbit means its basic diet, conditioning the… When snowshoe hare numbers are low, the lynx’s diet is supplemented by various rodents and birds such as voles, squirrels, grouse and sparrows. Diet The Iberian lynx mostly depends on wild rabbits to feed, but it will also eat ducks, young deer and partridges if rabbit densities are low. Diet /Feeding. FAMILY LIFE. A female wait until her territory is established before she breeds. An intense conservation campaign has brought the Iberian lynx back to the south of Spain from the verge of extinction barely 10 years ago, Guy Hedgecoe reports from Spain. The brown bear features a fur coat ranging from yellow-brownish to dark brown. They also consume large amounts of rabbits and birds. They prefer areas with a combination of dense thicket and pasture. Aside from depending on European rabbits as their food source, Iberian lynx have very particular habitat requirements. The lynx was also affected by the loss of scrubland, its main habitat, to human development, including changes in land use and the construction of roads and dams. Diet. Furthermore, moderate population numbers of these animals may positively affect overall prey fitness, predation possibly acting as a mechanism of disease control. eats terrestrial vertebrates; Animal Foods; birds; mammals; Predation. However, the populations of this lynx have been on a sharp decline due to overhunting, poaching, and fragmentation of its natural habitat. They will also scratch the bark on the trees as well as poop in an area to mark their territory. Their numbers are dwindling and only about 300 are alive in the wild. The origin of the critically endangered Iberian lynx: Speciation, diet and adaptive changes, Quaternary Science Reviews (2015). A key success factor has apparently been that the Iberian lynx has modified its diet and moved on from mainly rabbits to other things. Lynxes have thick fur and long legs, the hind legs being longer than the front legs, giving it a stooped appearance. Its relatively short, coarse coat is tawny to bright yellowish-red, with black or brown spots and white underparts. Iberian lynxes used to be widespread throughout the south of France and the Iberian Peninsula. Despite its speed and agility, it has a monastic diet, feeding almost exclusively on rabbits.